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Sunday, June 19, 2011

Kevin Dayhoff Eldersburg Patch: Juneteenth Independence Day and Slavery's History in Carroll County




Juneteenth Independence Day and Slavery's History in Carroll County

The holiday dates back to the end of the Civil War and celebrates freedom for more than 250,000 slaves.
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June 19 is recognized by 38 states as a state holiday marking Juneteenth Independence Day--or Emancipation Day.  Juneteenth is not a state holiday in Maryland.
The origin of the holiday dates back to the end of the Civil War and celebrates freedom being granted to more than 250,000 slaves.
It began when Union General Gordon Granger arrived with 2,000 federal troops in Galveston, Texas, on June 18, 1865. This was more than two months after the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee to Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on the afternoon of April 9, 1865.
One of the foremost matters on the mind of Granger was to take possession of the rebel state of Texas and enforce the Emancipation Proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln on September 22, 1862.
The proclamation carried an effective date of January 1, 1863; although in reality, in Texas and most of the states in rebellion, it had little impact on the enslaved population of the south--and freed few, if any, slaves.
Granger was determined to change that, at least in Texas.  On June 19, 1865 he stood upon the balcony of the Ashton Villa and read the contents of “General Order No. 3,” which put into effect the Emancipation Proclamation throughout the state.
The result was a spontaneous community celebration that has been observed every year ever since.
In 1840, almost 30 years before the first Juneteenth celebration, the population of Carroll County was 17,421. ...  http://eldersburg.patch.com/articles/juneteenth-independence-day-and-slaverys-history-in-carroll-county#c

Annual Juneteenth, History, History Carroll Co., Diversity Civil Rights, Diversity, Diversity African-American, Dayhoff Media Eldersburg Patch, 


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http://eldersburg.patch.com/articles/juneteenth-independence-day-and-slaverys-history-in-carroll-county#c

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